guide to treating infertility – step 2. timing
Genesis Fertility & IVF
Recommend you to follow these steps….
step 2. timing
maximizing your chances
to give yourselves the best chance of falling pregnant, it is recommended that you have unprotected intercourse every two to three days. in addition, timing intercourse for when you are most fertile is another way to maximise the possibility of conceiving. there are several methods that can be used to determine the best timing. in order to better understand the
following methods, it may help you to familiarise yourself with the menstrual cycle and the ovulation process explained on the next page. getting the timing right known as the ‘rhythm method’ or ‘calendar method’, this process involves calculating when you are ovulating (when an egg is released from one of the ovaries) based on your menstrual cycle.
if you are having regular cycles (regardless of the length of the cycle), subtract 14 days from your average cycle length. so if your cycles are 28 days, you will ovulate on day 14, but if your cycles are shorter, e.g. 25 days, by subtracting 14 days, you will ovulate on day 11. it is recommended that you have intercourse three or four days prior to, and on your ovulation day in order to maximise your likelihood of becoming pregnant. there are many ovulation calendars available online which automatically calculate your most fertile days
based on your provided dates. http://genesisivfclinic.in/online-booking/
Ovulation and the menstrual cycle
ovulation is the development and release of an ovum (egg) from a woman’s ovaries (the two
small almond shaped sacs that contain a woman’s eggs). ovulation is the fertile period of a woman’s menstrual cycle.
the menstrual cycle refers to the maturation and release of an egg
and to the preparation of the uterus (womb) to receive and nurture an embryo. atypical cycle
takes approximately 28 to 32 days and is divided into three phases:
1. follicular (days 1–13)
on the first day of the cycle when your period begins, the uterus sheds its inner lining (called the endometrium) from the previous cycle.the uterus is a pear-shaped organ where the endometrium provides a suitable environment for embryo implantation and development during pregnancy.
the pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, releases two hormones,
follicle-stimulating hormone (fsh)and luteinising hormone (lh) under the influence of fsh and lh, one of your ovaries selects between 10 and 20 eggs to become possible candidates for release. the chosen eggs begin to mature inside the ovary within their own sacs, called follicles.
2. ovulatory(around day 14, depending on the length of the cycle)
the fastest growing follicle ruptures and only one egg is released from the ovary into a fallopian tube. the two fallopian tubes are approximately 10 cm long and lead from the uterus, ending in finger-like projections called fimbriae. the fimbriae ‘hover’ over the ovaries but are not attached to them. the ovum (egg) remains in the fallopian tube for a few days. fertilisation normally takes place in the fallopian tube
Luteal (Days 15–28)
if the egg meets the sperm in the fallopian tube, conception may occur. the fertilised egg is swept through the tube toward the uterus where the embryo – as it is now called – will implant into the lining about six days after ovulation. it begins to produce a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), which tells the body it is pregnant. if fertilisation doesn’t occur, the ovum passes through the uterus, the uterine lining will break down and be shed several days later and the next menstrual cycle begins