Artificial insemination (AI) & intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Artificial insemination (AI) &
intrauterine insemination (IUI)
After being ‘washed’ (the sperm are separated from the liquid part of the semen to remove
hormones and other substances), sperm are inserted into the uterus to reduce the distance
they have to travel to reach the egg.
intrauterine insemination can also be
done using donor
sperm, either from
an anonymous or
a known sperm
as DI or donor
with donor sperm is used when the
partner does not produce sperm, when the
sperm are of very poor quality or if there is a high risk
of passing on genetic diseases.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) was the first ART procedure and is still one of the most commonly used.
During an IVF cycle, eggs and sperm are collected and placed together in a laboratory dish to
allow the sperm to fertilise the egg. The female partner usually takes hormonal medications to
help stimulate the development of as many eggs as possible
If the eggs are successfully fertilised in the laboratory, they are transferred into the woman’s
uterus. Ideally, one of the fertilised eggs will implant and develop, just as in a routine pregnancy.